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  1. You are in: CITES
  2. Welcome
  3. Useful Information
  4. Statistics

 Statistics

The obligations of the CITES Management Authority include the preparation of an Annual Report for the CITES Secretariat with the international trade data for specimens of species listed in the Appendices of the CITES Convention. The report shows international trade data for Spain, but does not include trade within the EU.

International trade statistics for all Parties can be found on the CITES Trade Database, which is managed by UNEP-WCMC on behalf of the CITES Secretariat.

 

IMPORTS

 

The following table shows the most significant imports of CITES specimens, classified by purpose of import:

 

 

Imports of CITES specimens, by purpose:

Purpose

Unit

2014

2015

2016

2017

    Comercial purposes

uni

Kg

m3

m2

 

ml

241.217

292.350,65

127,53

 

250

280.987

337.515,39

492,56

 

2.000

331.414,50

492.510,64

573,38

 

925.101

397.679,50

84.564,84

560,94

146,08

250

Hunting trophies

Uni

478

531

537

871

Other purposes

Uni

Kg

ml

3.487

8,67

4.780,60

9.177

 

5.321,82

5.705

8,76

2.211,34

8.387

1

394

Total

 uni

Kg

m3

m2

ml

245.182

292.359,32

127,53

 

5.780,60

290.695

337.515,39

492,56

 

7.321,82

337.656,50

492.519,40

573,38

 

927.312,34

398.482,50

84.564,84

560,94

 146,08

599,12

 

 

 

Most imports to Spain are for commercial purposes; only a small portion of imports is comprised of hunting trophies and personal effects, and specimens for scientific institutions, zoos, botanic gardens, biomedical research, exhibitions, etc.

 
 

The following table shows more detailed information on the major CITES imports to Spain for commercial purposes between 2014-2017:

  
 

Main imports for commercial purposes:

Specimen

Unit

2014

2015

2016

2017

Whole skins and flanks

uni

114.612​

164.465

177.456

153.172

Skin pieces

uni

28

414

28.331,50

7.360,50

Kg

581

705,6

323,5

848,5

Live animals

Uni

39.650

47.613

 

39.288

 

35.146

 

Kg

500

Live plants

uni

44.661

36.540

48.474

174.310

Corals (other than live corals)

uni

623

823

421

985

Kg

1.141,44

1.500,28

3.000

500

Manufactured goods

Uni

14.543

16.029

13.625

20.937

m3

 

 

15,6

Kg

3,93

39.817,52

  Wood logs, veneer, sheets and powdered bark 

uni

 

 

 

 

Kg

221.000

294.269

461.635

2.100

m3

127,53

492,56

573,38

545,34

m2

 

 

146,08

Miscellaneous products

uni

100

15.103

23.819

5.769

Kg

69.128,21

41.043,52

27.548,20

41.298,83

ml

250

2.000

925.101

250

Total

uni

241.217,00

280.987

331.414,50

397.679,50

Kg

292.350,65

337.515,40

492.510,63

84.564,85

m3

127,53

492,56

573.38

560,94

m2

0

0

0

146,08

ml

250

2.000

925.101

250

 

 

 

TRADE ANALYSIS IN 2017

 

Grafico1 eng.png 

 

 

  • Whole skins and flanks

 

  • In 2017, almost all skins imported were reptile skins (99,98 %); 70.500 skins were lizards (Varanus salvator), 38.598 alligator (Alligator mississippiensis ) and crocodile (Caiman crocodilus fuscus y Crocodylus niloticus and a tiny amount of other species), and 20.488 of phyton skins (Python reticulatus y Python bivittatus), and 9.100 of tegus (Salvator merianae   y Salvator rufescens). A portion of these imported skins are subsequently re-exported as dyed and finished leather, or as leather products (shoes, bags, etc.) Spain also imports 3.272 caiman flanks, 1.810 caimán tails and 7.337 pieces and 699,5 kilogramos of crocodile and caiman skin pieces.
  • Evolution: The quantity of skins imported in 2017 is similar as the quantity imported in 2012. During these years there have been upward and downward oscillations, but the trend for 10 years is a progressive increase.

 

  • Live animals

 

Mainly imports of live reptiles (24.575 specimens in 2017), comprising mainly, in the following order of importance: 

 

  • 18.797 tortoises (8.000 Graptemys pseudogeographica, 5.000 Mauremys sinensis, 2.500 Testudo horsfieldii , 1.336 Podocnemis unifilis, and other species as Macrochelys temmincki, Chelydra serpentina, Kinixys belliana, Stigmochelys pardalis, Aldabrachelys gigantea, Astrochelys radiata, Malaclemys terrapin and Cuora trifasciata).

  • 5.523 live reptiles (3.300 Iguana iguana, 1.210 Trioceros, Furcifer and Kyniongia, 600 Varanus exanthematicus, and the rest were geckos, genus Phelsuma).

 

Live corals follows, Order Scleractinia, (9.274 units), then 2.243 amphibians, Order anura, 750 arachnids, 630 primates (Macaca fascicularis), 123 fishes and 101 birds.

 

Regarding the source, 19.683 (56,00%) are bred in captivity, 8.384 (23,85%) came from other origins (farms, etc.) and 7.079 (20,14%) comes from the wild; from which, 52,83% are corals and 47,17% reptils.

 

 

Evolution: In 2017 96.575 live animals were imported, and there is a gradual drop until 2010/2011, following which remains more or less stable, fluctuating between 30.000 or 40.000 specimens.

 

Live plants

 

172.618 from the 174.310 live plants imported in 2017 are artificially propagated. Remaining 90 plants come from the wild. From them, 102.127 are Cycadaceae, 61.000 Cactaceae, 2.357 are Orchidaceae and the rest comes from different families.

 

Evolution: imports of live plants have fluctuated significantly in number from year to year. For example, in 2017 174.310 specimens were imported while in other years only 45.000 specimens have been imported.

 

 

Manufactured goods

 

In 2017, between the remaining animal products imported, manufactured goods and clothing items made of reptile skins (9.399 alligator, 2.148 pyhton, 548 crocodilus, etc) must be pointed out.

 

Wood-based manufactures, amounting to 8.831 units and 39.817,515 kg in 2017, correspond to various species of Dalbergia spp, included in CITES since january 2017, as well as little amounts of Guibourtia demeusei, recently included in CITES too.

 

Evolution: Import volumes remains stable, fluctuating between 15.000 or 20.000 specimens.

 

Wood logs, veneer sheets and powdered bark

 

The higher volume imported of sawn timber is Cedrela odorata (382,179 m3).  Other wood species imported are Dalbergia latifolia, Pericopsis elata and Swietenia macrophylla.

 

Miscellaneous products

 

In animal products, imports 1.600 kg and 13015 units of Scleractinia. 834,153 kg of sturgeon caviar, 282,05 kg of arapaima meal, among other products.

 

Plant origin products are mainly several species (Bulnesia sarmientoi, Aloe ferox, Cyclamen coum and Prunus africana) extract (44.145 kg y 349 l). Spain also have imported oils (164 kg y 0,25 l), from which 159 kg were of Aquilaria spp.

 

 

EXPORTS AND REEXPORTS

 

Exports account for a very small fraction of total outgoing trade from Spain, which is comprised mainly of re-exports.

 

Exports are mainly specimens from an EU Member State, usually live specimens from Spain (wild, captive-bred, or artificially propagated), and to a lesser extent, specimens from other EU Member States (considered intra-community trade). Goods originating from Spain are mainly artificially propagated nursery plants, farmed sturgeon caviar and meat, and captivity-bred birds, like falcons and Psittacids.

 

Re-exports include products manufactured in Spain using raw materials (skins, wood, etc.) from other countries, and products that are re-exported without undergoing any form of processing.

 

Export and re-export are grouped together, and can be distinguished from each other by the declared country of origin.

 

The following table shows that practically all exports and re-exports are authorized for commercial purposes; only a very small portion of exports and re-exports involve personal effects, animals for zoos, specimens for biomedical research, etc.

  

 

Export and re-export of CITES specimens by purpose of trade:
Purpose Unit 2014 2015 2016 2017
Comercial purpose uni 177.552 213.743 219.501 151.413
Kg 8.633,73 20.022,20 14.226,49 10.442,95
m2 4.654,32 17.204,83 0
m3 29,46 24,08 55,35 56,91
ml 2.266,40 1.290 1.284 298.614
Hunting trophies uni 24​ 40 10 30
Other purposes Uni 3.211 274 247,6 90
Kg 5 3,1 0,12 1,25
ml 1.453,70 928,4 777,8 1.817,40
Total uni 180.787 214.057 219.758,60 151.533
Kg 8.638,73 20.025,30 14.226,61 10.444,20
m2 0 4.654,32 17.204,83 0
m3 29,46 24,08 55,35 56,93
ml 3.720,10 2.218,40 2.061,80 300.431,40

 

 

The following table shows, in greater detail, the evolution of the main CITES exports and re-exports from Spain for commercial purposes between 2014-2017:

 

 

 Main CITES exports and reexports for commercial purposes:  

Specimen Unit 2014 2015 2016 2017
Whole skins and flanks Uni 74.686 41.752 123.101 68.635
Skin pieces uni 382 479 12.735 837
Kg 164,89 34 48,82 28,4
Live animales Uni 2.806 4.730 4.655 4.138
Kg 0 0 0 0
Live plantas uni 32.001 3.943 15.289 21.672
Manufactured goods Uni 62.050 62.428 63.615 56.043
m3 11,41
Kg   138,91
Logs, veneer sheets and powdered bark uni 5.113 4 1 21
Kg       3,1
m2   4.654 17.204,83  
m3 29,46 24 55,35 45,5
Others uni 490 100.268 105 67
Kg 8.468,95 19.988 14.177,73 10.272,53
ml 2.266,40 1.290 1.284 298.614
Total uni 177.552 213.743 219.501 151.413
Kg 8.633,84 20.022,21 14.226,55 10.442,94
m2 0 4.654,32 17.204,83 0
m3 29,46 24,08 55,35 56,91
ml 2.266,40 1.290 1.284 298.614

 

 

TRADE ANALYSIS  IN 2017:

 

grafico 2 eng.png 

 

 

  • Whole skins and flanks

 

In 2017 68.635 skins were exported, from which 39.426 are from alligator and crocodile, 17.380 are from Varanus, 11.759 from Python and 70 are snakeskin.

Evolution: we can see significant fluctuations in the amount of exported skins. Likewise, notable changes should be noted in the species in trade, since in 2012 were mainly snakeskins but now are crocodile and Varanus skins.

 

  • Live animals

 

In 2017 4.138 animals were exported, from which 2.246 are falcons (2.188 of them are captivity-bred from  Spain) and 1.624 are Psittacids (mainly captivity-bred in the UE (including Spain)). Regarding the origin of the exported specimens, 98,34% are captivity-bred.

Evolution: As a general rule, export volumes remains stable over the years.

  

  • Live plantas

     

     

    In 2017, 21.672 live plants were exported, from which 19.191 are artificially propagated in Spain (10.526 Cactaceae and 8.356 Cycadaceae).

     

     

    Evolution: The volume of live plants exported has shown a marked decrease in recent years.

     

     

     

  • Miscellaneous manufactured goods

 

Most outstanding manufactures of animal origin are leather manufactures (footwear, handbags, etc.), mainly crocodilian (15,534 units and 7,004 pairs), saurians (8,059 units and 2,753 pairs), and snakes (4,412 units and 1,510 pairs)

 

Wood re-exports in 2017 have been mainly Dalbergia spp (11,3732898 m3, 138,913 kg, 4.261,001 units, and 37.698,713 cm3), Guibourtia spp,  most of them being musical instruments or pieces for them, as well as extracts of:  Bulnesia sarmientoi (5.997,05 kg),  Prunus Africana ( 3.135 kg) and Aloe ferox (1.000 kg).

 

Evolution: 10 years ago trade volumes were far higher than now; last few years it has remained stable. Flora species re-export applications have increased due to the inclusion in the CITES Appends of several species of Dalbergia.

 

 

 

  • Wood logs, veneer sheets and powdered bark

 

The species in trade in 2017 are Dalbergia, Swietenia macrophylla, Cedrela odorata, Guibourtia and Diospyros perrieri.

 

 

  • Others

     

     

    Among animal products there are 66 elephant tusks and 11 elephant carvings, all of them pre-convention. Other products are sturgeon caviar, sturgeon meal and sturgeon derivatives (cosmetics, etc.), some of them Spanish farmed.

     

Among other products of plant origin, in 2017 an orchid derivative (296,8 l) and some Dalbergia spp. carvings have been exported.

 

 

 

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