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  1. You are in: CITES
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 Information for private individuals

In principle, any goods containing CITES specimens should be accompanied at all times by documents that prove the legal origin of the goods, as provided by CITES, regardless of whether goods are musical instruments (guitars made from a protected wood species), hunting trophies (lion skins, elephant tusks), pets (African grey parrots, iguanas, cockatoos), or a CITES item carried as a personal effect.
Requirements relative to the movement of CITES goods will vary depending on the Annex in which the CITES species is listed, and depending on whether movement is within the EU (Spain or any other Member State) or outside the EU. The following is a summary of the documents required in each case:
Within the EU​ ​Export from the EU ​Import into the EU
​Annex A CITES EU Certificate CITES export permit or CITES re-export permit CITES import  permit
​Annex B ​Documentación sobre el origen legal CITES  CITES export permit or CITES re-export permit CITES import  permit
​Annex C CITES certificate of legal origin ​ CITES export permit or CITES re-export permit ​EU import notification
​Annex D

CITES certificate of legal origin


​-                                                ​EU import notification
There are some specific exemptions to the above, provided that certain requirements are met, i.e., as provided by Chapter XIV of Commission Regulation (EC) 865/2006 of 4 May 2006, laying down detailed rules concerning the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) 338/97.
For certain items of CITES species listed in Annex B (in no case, Annex A) of Regulation (EC) 338/97, no CITES documents are required for introduction, export, or re-export on entering or leaving the EU, provided that said items are personal or (in no case, Annex A) of Regulation (EC) 338/97, no CITES documents are required for introduction, export, or re-export on entering or leaving the EU, provided that said items are personal or household effects [i] travelling in the personal luggage of travellers to or from non-EU countries, or comprised in the personal effects of a person who is moving home from the EU to a non-EU country, or vice versa.



This exception applies solely to CITES specimens for non-commercial purposes; accordingly, it is not applicable to specimens purchased via the Internet, imports, exports, or re-exports made by companies or legal persons, unaccompanied luggage, or specimens used for profit.


Pionites melanocephalus2.jpgThis exception applies to the following items:

a)   (caviar of sturgeon species (Acipenseriformes spp.), up to a maximum of 125 grams per person, in containers that are individually marked in accordance with Article 66(6);
b) rainsticks of Cactaceae spp., up to three per person;
c) dead worked specimens of Crocodylia spp., excluding meat and hunting trophies, up to four per person, (this includes manufactured goods or garments containing crocodile skin, e.g., bags, belts, coats, etc. A pair of shoes is considered as two specimens; thus, the maximum allowance in this case is two pairs of shoes.);
d) shells of Strombus gigas (known as queen conch or pink conch), up to three per person;
e) Hippocampus spp(seahorses) up to four dead specimens per person;
f) shells of Tridacnidae spp. (giant clams) up to three specimens per person not exceeding three kg in total, where a specimen may be one intact shell or two matching halves.
g) specimens of agarwood (Aquilaria spp. and Gyrinops spp.), up to one kilo of wood chips, 24 milliliters of oil and two sets of beads or rosaries (or two necklaces or bracelets) per person.
If these goods are exported or re-exported to a non-EU country, the destination country should also accept these exceptions, taking into consideration that they are granted under internal EU regulations.
Further, solely in the case of imports of hunting trophies [ii] of species included in Anex Bit is acceptable for the specimens not to be accompanied by the importer, and to be imported at a later date, in order to comply with any health requirements in respect of drying, tanning or taxidermy processing of skins, tusks, and horns. In this case, and with the exception of the trophies of species listed in Annex XIII of  CE Reglament 865/2006 (ceratotherium simum simum, Hippopotamus amphibius, Loxodonta africana, Ovis ammon, Panthera leo and Ursus maritimus), imports of hunting trophies may be authorized by submitting the original CITES export permit or re-export certificate, along with a copy thereof, for endorsement at Customs.

For the rest of personal effects or household goods (only Annex B) not mentioned above, it will not be necessary to present the import permit provided that the original of the export permit or  re-export certificate and a copy is presented. 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the commercial use of personal effects and household items, including hunting trophies, that have been introduced into the UE may be authorized according to the exceptions described above, only after two years have elapsed since the introduction. and by written statement issued by the CITES Management Authority, certifying that the specimen may be used for commercial purposes.

However, the specimens that, although being covered by the aforementioned exceptions, would have been introduced into the Union with an import permit, meaning in this case that a favorable opinion has been issued by the Scientific Authority according to art. 4.2.a of Regulation (EC) 338/97, may be traded.

[i] Under art. 2 j) of the Reg. (CE) 338/97, ‘personal or household effects’ shall mean dead specimens, parts and derivatives thereof, that are the belongings of a private individual and that form, or are intended to form, part of his normal goods and chattels.  


[ii] Under art. 1.4b, ‘hunting trophy’ means a whole animal, or a readily recognisable part or derivative of an animal, specified on any accompanying CITES permit or certificate that fulfils the following conditions: i) is raw, processed or manufactured; ii) was legally obtained by the hunter through hunting for the hunter's personal use; iii) is being imported, exported or re-exported by or on behalf of the hunter, as part of the transfer from its country of origin, ultimately to the hunter's State of usual residence.


Subd. Gral. de Inspección, Certificación y Asistencia Técnica del Comercio